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Egypt Information Page


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Country: Egypt

Capital: Cairo

Population: 77.5 million

Area: 1 million sq. km

Major Ethnic Groups: Hamitic and Samitic Arabs

Languages: Arabic

Money: Egyptian Pound

National Flag:



Egypt has a desert climate where the daytime temperatures reach 35 hot degrees celsius, and the nights are cool at 5 degrees celsius. Most people of Egypt live close to the Nile River which runs through the middle of the country and provides them with water to take care of their crops.



Egyptians enjoy eating and socializing. The main part of a meal is a round and hollow bread filled with meat, cheese, vegetables and beans. They often drink different types of teas and strong Turkish coffee.

A number of Egyptians do not eat pork or drink alcohol.


Recreation and the Arts

Socializing is one of the most popular things to do in Egypt. People meet at the bazaars and marketplaces, and drink at the local coffeehouses.

Soccer is the most popular sport among young people along with squash and tennis. Folk songs are also sung to celebrate the different seasons of agriculture.


Celebrations and Holidays

There are two big holidays in Egypt. The first one is Eid-al-Fitr, which celebrates the end of Ramadan with a large feast. The second holiday is Eid-al-Adha which celebrates the story of a prophet, who asked Egyptians to feed the poor and needy.


Famous Places and Interesting Facts

The Great Sphinx is a statue carved 4500 years ago with a body of a lion, and the head of a human. It is said to protect the pyramids and the treasures of the pharoahs.

It is 73 metres long and about 20 metres high.

The Great Sphinx

The Great Pyramid

The Nile River



***All information and graphics borrowed from


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Last revised: January 2006